Fernando A. Buyser (May 30, 1879 – November 16, 1946) was born in Merida, Leyte and grew up in Baybay, Southern Leyte in the Eastern Visayas region in the Philippines. He was a bishop of the nationalist Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Philippine Independent Catholic Church), war veteran of two Philippine Revolutions against the Spanish Empire and the United States, and poet, short story writer, translator, playwright, and essayist in both Spanish and Binisayâ. Apart from Basahon sa mga Balak (“Poetry Reader,” Cebu: Mabini Press, 1936), his other major works include Kasingkasing sa Magbabalak (“Heart of the Poet,” 1938), Kasakit ug Kalipay (“Sorrow and Joy,” 1940), and Balangaw (“Rainbow,” 1941). As an anthologist and publisher, he produced Mga Awit sa Kabukiran (“Mountain Songs,” Cebu: Liberty Press, 1911) and founded the pre-World War II periodicals Yutang Natawhan (“Motherland”) and Ang Salampati (“The Dove”). A writer who trod between the Romanticist-Didactic and Realist-Nationalistic literary traditions, he is best known for inventing the Binisayâ sonnet, the sonanoy.